Altamas Kabir retired as 39th Chief Justice of India, on Thursday.
He succeeded SH Kapadia on September 29, 2012.
He was born on July 19, 1948 in Kolkata into a Muslim Bengali family and is the nephew of educationist and politician Humayun Kabir.
Kabir did his MA and LLB from the University of Calcutta before enrolling as an advocate in 1973; practicing in the District Court and Calcutta High Court in civil and criminal cases.
He was appointed as a permanent Judge in the Calcutta High Court on August 6, 1990, and was thereafter appointed as Chief Justice of the Jharkhand High Court on March 1 2005.
He was elevated as a Judge in the Supreme Court of India on September 9, 2005.
Kabir is the only second Chief Justice, along with his predecessor, to be born in post-independence India.
He is the fourth Muslim to occupy the top position after Chief Justice M Hidayatullah, Chief Justice M Hameedullah Beg and Chief Justice AM Ahmadi.